When to Grow Vegetables | Love The Garden

When to Grow Vegetables

LifeofRyrie's picture
By Sarah Ryrie, Gardening Enthusiast
A selection of vegetables.

With hundreds of different varieties and types to choose from growing your own vegetables can be hugely rewarding.  But where do you start? The best place is at the kitchen table armed with a pencil, calendar and our guide on when to grow vegetables. You can then plan your growing space and your growing calendar to ensure a diverse and manageable harvest of veggies direct from your garden.

Vegetable Planting Calendar

You can download our at a glance calendar for planting and harvesting vegetables here... PDF iconVegetable Calendar.pdf

January

With plenty of crisp, frosty mornings to contend with only the hardiest of vegetables can be sown outside in January. This doesn't mean that you'll have nothing to do as there are plenty that can be sown indoors. You might even have some crops ready to harvest from the previous season's growth. 

Vegetables to Grow in January
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Aubergine Broad Bean Artichoke (Jerusalem)
Cabbage Pea Brussel Sprout
Cauliflower   Cabbage
Leek   Carrot
Lettuce   Cauliflower
Onion   Chicory
Tomato   Kale
    Leek
    Lettuce
    Parsnip
    Swede

 

February

With high risks of frost in February, the depths of winter is a good time to seek solace in the sowing of seeds, knowing that spring is just around the corner. 

Vegetables to Grow in February
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Artichoke (Globe) Broad Bean Broccoli
Aubergine Carrot Brussel Sprout
Broad Bean Parsnip Cabbage
Broccoli Pea Carrot
Brussel Sprout Radish Cauliflower
Cabbage   Chicory
Cauliflower   Kale
Cucumber   Leek
Kohl Rabi   Lettuce
Leek   Parsnip
Lettuce   Swede
Onion    
Pepper    
Tomato    

 

March

Lighter evenings and a smell of spring in the air, March is the time that your vegetable growing should step up a gear. 

Vegetables to Grow in March
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Globe Artichoke Artichoke (Globe) Broccoli
Asparagus Broad Bean Cabbage
Aubergine Beetroot Carrot
Broad Bean Broccoli Cauliflower
Broccoli Brussel Sprout Kale
Brussel Sprout Cabbage Leek
Cabbage Carrot Lettuce
Cauliflower Kale Spring Onion
Celeriac Kohl Rabi Swede
Celery Leek  
Courgette Lettuce  
Cucumber Parsnip  
Kale Pea  
Kohl Rabi Radish  
Leek Rocket  
Lettuce Samphire  
Marrow Shallot  
Onion Spinach  
Pepper Spring Onion  
Shallot Turnip  
Squash    
Sweetcorn    
Tomato    

 

April

With the risk of frost now past it's time to take advantage of those April showers and get your vegetable patch working hard. 

Vegetables to Grow in April

Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Asparagus Artichoke (Globe) Broccoli
Aubergine Broad Bean Carrot

Broad Bean 

Beetroot Cauliflower
Broccoli Broccoli Lettuce
Brussel Sprout Brussel Sprout Radish
Cabbage Cabbage Spring Onion
Cauliflower Carrot  
Celeriac Cauliflower  
Celery Chard  
Climbing Bean Chicory  
Courgette Courgette  
Cucumber Kale  
Dwarf Bean Kohl Rabi  
Kale Leek  
Kohl Rabi Lettuce  
Leek Marrow  
Marrow Parsnip  
Onion Pea  
Pepper Radish  
Pumpkin Rocket  
Runner Bean Samphire  
Shallot Shallot  
Squash Spinach  
Sweetcorn Spring Onion  
Tomato Turnip  

 

May

Spring is here and with it comes the opportunity for maximising your outdoor space. There are huge numbers of vegetables that can be sown now but keep track of where and when you plant your seeds.

Vegetables to Grow in May
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Climing Bean Broad Bean Asparagus
Dwarf Bean Climbing Bean Cabbage
Runner Bean Dwarf Bean Carrot
Broccoli Runner Bean Cauliflower
Cabbage Beetroot Garlic
Cauliflower Broccoli Lettuce
Celery Cabbage Pea
Courgette Carrot Radish
Cucumber Cauliflower Rocket
Kale Chard Samphire
Leek Chicory Spinach
Pumpkin Courgette Spring Onion
Squash Cucumber  
Sweetcorn Kale  
  Kohl Rabi  
  Leek  
  Lettuce  
  Marrow  
  Pak Choi  
  Parsnip  
  Pea  
  Pumpkin  
  Radish  
  Rocket  
  Samphire  
  Spinach  
  Spring Onion  
  Squash  
  Swede  
  Sweetcorn  
  Turnip  

June

The Summer months arrive in June, long days and warm weather so this is one of the busiest times in the garden.

Vegetables to Grow in June
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Pumpkin Climbing Bean Asparagus
  Dwarf Bean Beetroot
  Runner Bean Broccoli
  Beetroot Cabbage
  Cabbage Carrot
  Chinese Cabbage Cauliflower
  Carrot Garlic
  Cauliflower Lettuce
  Chard Pak Choi
  Cucumber Pea
  Kohl Rabi Potato
  Lettuce Radish
  Pak Choi Rocket
  Pea Samphire
  Pumpkin Spinach
  Radish Spring Onion
  Rocket Tomato
  Spinach Turnip
  Spring Onion  
  Swede  

 

July

July is the month where your hardwork wins out and your vegetable harvest should be keeping your larder well stocked. 

Vegetables to Grow in July
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
  Climbing Bean Artichoke (Globe)
  Dwarf Bean Broad Bean
  Runner Bean Climbing Bean
  Beetroot Dwarf Bean
  Cabbage Runner Bean
  Chinese Cabbage Beetroot
  Carrot Broccoli
  Chard Cabbage
  Kohl Rabi Carrot
  Lettuce Cauliflower
  Pak Choi Chard
  Radish Courgette
  Rocket Cucumber
  Spinach Garlic
  Spring Onion Khol Rabi
  Swede Leek
    Lettuce
    Marrow
    Pak Choi
    Pea
    Pepper
    Potato
    Radish
    Rocket
    Samphire
    Spinach
    Spring Onion
    Squash
    Tomato
    Turnip

 

August

The heat of August ripens your vegetable patch and harvesting is the key job in this month. 

Vegetables to Grow in August
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
  Cabbage Artichoke (Globe)
  Chinese Cabbage Aubergene
  Kale Broad Bean
  Lettuce Climbing Bean
  Pak Choi Dwarf Bean
  Radish Runner Bean
  Rocket Beetroot
  Spinach Broccoli
  Spring Onion Brussel Sprout
    Cabbage
    Carrot
    Cauliflower
    Celeriac
    Celery
    Chard
    Courgette
    Cucumber
    Garlic
    Kohl Rabi
    Leek
    Lettuce
    Marrow
    Onion
    Pak Choi
    Pea
    Pepper
    Potato
    Pumpkin
    Radish
    Rocket
    Samphire
    Shallot
    Spinach
    Spring Onion
    Squash
    Sweetcorn
    Tomato
    Turnip

 

September

September hails Autumn and brings further harvest and jobs round the garden are now about preparing for the Winter months. 

Vegetables to Grow in September
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Lettuce Radish Artichoke (Globe)
  Spring Onion Aubergine
    Broad Bean
    Climbing Bean
    Dwarf Bean
    Runner Bean
    Beetroot
    Broccoli
    Brussel Sprout
    Cabbage
    Chinese Cabbage
    Carrot
    Cauliflower
    Celeriac
    Celery
    Chard
    Courgette
    Cucumber
    Garlic
    Kale
    Kohl Rabi
    Leek
    Lettuce
    Marrow
    Onion
    Pak Choi
    Pea
    Pepper
    Potato
    Pumpkin
    Radish
    Rocket
    Samphire
    Shallot
    Spinach
    Spring Onion
    Squash
    Sweetcorn
    Tomato
    Turnip

 

October

In October planting seeds for the following spring occurs, and the final harvest of the current year takes place. 

Vegetables to Grow in October
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Lettuce Broad Bean Artichoke (Globe)
  Pea Artichoke (Jerusalem)
    Aubergine
    Climbing Bean
    Dwarf Bean
    Runner Bean
    Beetroot
    Broccoli
    Brussel Sprout
    Cabbage
    Chinese Cabbage
    Carrot
    Cauliflower
    Celeriac
    Celery
    Chard
    Chicory
    Courgette
    Cucumber
    Kale
    Kohl Rabi
    Leek
    Lettuce
    Marrow
    Pak Choi
    Parsnip
    Pepper
    Potato
    Pumpkin
    Radish
    Rocket
    Samphire
    Shallot
    Spinach
    Spring Onion
    Squash
    Swede
    Tomato 
    Turnip

 

November

Dark days and long nights sees the arrival of November and there is relatively little to grow in the garden.

Vegetables to Grow in November
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Lettuce Broad Bean Artichoke (Jerusalem)
Onion Pea Broccoli
    Brussel Sprout
    Cabbage
    Chinese Cabbage
    Carrot
    Cauliflower
    Celeriac
    Celery
    Chard
    Chicory
    Kale
    Leek
    Lettuce
    Parsnip
    Potato
    Pumpkin
    Samphire
    Swede

 

December

December brings harsh weather but you can start preparing for the Spring by sowing some crops indoors. 

Vegetables to Grow in December
Indoor Sowing Outdoor Sowing Harvesting
Lettuce Broad Bean Artichoke (Jerusalem)
Onion   Brussel Sprout
    Cabbage
    Carrot
    Cauliflower
    Celeriac
    Chicory
    Kale
    Leek
    Lettuce
    Parsnip
    Potato 
    Swede

 

Planting by the Moon

In ancient times man planted his crops by observing the cycles of the moon. There is still an argument that this is the most reliable way of farming today as it observes changes in the earth's magnetic field which brings changes in weather. There are three different methods that are recognised for planting by the moon and include: Synodic, Biodynamic and Sidereal cycles. 

Synodic Cycle

The Synodic Cycle is the simplest form of moon planting as it divides the Luna cycle into four phases. It then groups plants into different categories and assigns them to the most suited cycle.

Biodynamic Cycle

The Biodynamic Cycle is slightly more detailed and is based around the 12 Zodiac signs and the position of them in relation to the moon. This was developed by Rudolf Steiner whose teachings are being taught today at Steiner Schools. 

Sidereal Cycle

Finally the Sidereal Cycle is based on the orbit of the moon around the earth which is divided into 12 sections and dependent on the position of the moon dictates which crops should be grown to the highest chance of success. 

 

 

 

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