Garlic - When To Sow & Grow | Love The Garden

Garlic

Allium sativum
how to grow garlic

Growing garlic at home is now very popular. It’s an easy vegetable to grow – just plant a garlic clove into the soil, wait a few months and you’ll be rewarded with a bulb of up to a dozen or more cloves ready to use in the kitchen.

Garlic Varieties

There are 2 main types of garlic – soft-necked and hard-necked, which relates to the stalk that grows up from the garlic bulb. Soft-necked garlic has a strong flavour and stores well, whereas hard-necked garlic is milder tasting and best used soon after harvest, as it doesn’t keep well.

Softneck Garlic
Image Credit: Crocus

Hardneck

Named after the way the garlic grows – this type of garlic produces a scape (flower stem) that can be used in some dishes, such as salads. There are a number of hardneck varieties available, each which are suited for their own purposes. For example, Chesnok Red is creamy in texture and is perfect for roasting. If you’re looking for a hardkneck that can be planted in spring as well as autumn, get your hands on an ‘elephant garlic’, which produces huge bulbs, as the name suggests. It is useful to note that hardneck varieties do not store as well as softkneck varieties.

Softneck

Softnecks do not produce a scape, and varieties such as Albigensian Wight can keep for ages. If you’re looking for a strong flavour choose Spanish Roja – an old variety with easy-to-peel cloves. For a milder garlic flavour, choose Germidour.

Other good varieties to try in the UK include Arno, Cristo, Early Wight, Long Keeper, Purple Wight and Solent White.

Planting garlic

Garlic is bought in cloves, which can either be planted in autumn (October/November) or in February/March. However, always choose a variety that is suited to either of these planting times. Garlic planted in autumn usually produces better and bigger yields

Birds may be a problem lifting the newly planted cloves, so carefully remove any loose skin at the top of the clove before planting.

For more help and advice try our How to grow Garlic guide.

How to care for garlic

Garlic is a low-maintenance vegetable to cultivate.

Check the cloves regularly for a few weeks after planting to make sure they haven’t been disturbed by birds; cover with netting if birds are a problem.

Harvesting

Harvesting Your Garlic
Image Credit: Profitable Plants

Garlic planted in autumn will be ready for harvest in June and July, that planted in spring will be ready slight later.

Foliage

Spring

Green

Summer

Green

Full sun

Ultimate height

Up to 45cm (18in)

Ultimate spread

Up to 10cm (4in)

Time to ultimate height

6 months
Chalky
Clay
Loamy
Sandy

Moisture

Moist but well-drained
 

Pests

 

Related guides

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