How To Grow And Care For Salad Leaves | Love The Garden

Salad leaves

Various
mixed salad leaves

Bags of salad leaves are quite expensive to buy and have a fairly short lifespan in the fridge. Grow your own and you can pick exactly how much you want and need, fresh from the garden, plus your favourite combinations of flavours and colours.

By growing a range of different types and sowing at different times of year, you can have fresh salad leaves available nearly all year round.

Many salads leaves are grown as cut-and-come-again crops, which you can harvest over a long time.

How to grow salad leaves

Cultivation

Most salad leaves prefer an open, sunny position, although they will tolerate light shade. During hot, sunny summers, they may do better in light shade.

Before sowing, improve the soil with some organic matter to improve water holding and add a dressing of a general granular plant food.

Most salad leaves can also be grown in small pots, window boxes, growing bags or planters. Grow some in containers on the windowsill to have them ready at your finger tips - and at times when it may be too cold outside.

Salad leaf varieties

There are lots of different salad leaves available. Here are some of the best and most popular ones. Many seed suppliers sell them as salad leaf mixes, with different types, colours and flavours.

Chinese cabbage Often sold as Chinese leaves, it is fast growing and can be ready for cutting in as little as 6 weeks.

Corn salad or lamb's lettuce Hardy, making it the perfect choice for winter and early spring salads. It forms small rosettes of bright green, succulent leaves.

Endive Usually blanched to reduce its bitter content.

Land cress or American cress A tasty watercress substitute, ready to eat in 7/8 weeks.

Rocket An easy to grow, fast-maturing salad. Late summer sowings will continue cropping into the winter if the plants are protected by cloches.

Winter purslane An attractive winter salad also known as claytonia or miner's lettuce.

Oriental vegetables There are numerous ways of using these, from adding to salads, stews and soup, for stir-fries and as a lightly steamed vegetable. They include Chinese mustard greens, chopsuey greens, Japanese mustard spinach (komatsuna), mibuna and mizuna and texel greens.

Sowing salad leaves

Sow in short rows every fortnight or so, enough for your needs, to have a continuous crop. Sow seeds thinly 13mm (0.5in) deep, cover with soil and water in well.

How to care for salad leaves

Keep the soil moist at all times, but without overwatering. If the soil dries out the plants may bolt (go to seed prematurely) and lose their strong flavours.

If necessary, thin out seedlings when they’re about 2.5cm (1in) high. The thinnings can be used in the kitchen.

To encourage fast growth that is tender and full of flavour, feed plants every 3 weeks with a balanced liquid feed.

Harvesting

Harvest leaves as and when needed once the plants are about 7.5-10cm (3-4in) high. You can either pick individual leaves from the outside of the plants or harvest over the whole plant using scissors.

It is best to cut in the morning, when the plants will be at their freshest.

Foliage

Spring

Green
Purple
red
Yellow

Summer

Green
Purple
red
Yellow

Autumn

Green
Purple
red
Yellow

Winter

Green
Purple
red
Yellow

Full sun

Partial shade

Ultimate height

Up to 30cm (1ft)

Ultimate spread

up to 15cm (6in)

Time to ultimate height

4-10 weeks
Chalky
Clay
Loamy
Sandy

Soil pH

Neutral

Moisture

Moist but well-drained
X

Subscribe to our newsletter

Subscribe to free garden tips and advice now. (No spam, we promise).