What's a Garden Weed and What's Not? | Love The Garden

What's a Garden Weed and What's Not?

Hannah Gransden's picture
By Hannah Gransden, Seasonal Pro
What's a Weed and What's Not? How Do I Tell?

Common garden weeds are persistent garden invaders that will often grow back if you fail to treat them correctly. Before you are able to effectively treat/ remove them you must first be able to identify whether or not it is a garden weed. Weeds can be divided into 3 groups which can help determine the best way to identify them:

  1. Annual Weeds
  2. Lawn Weeds
  3. Perennial & Woody Weeds

If you need to find out more information on the best treatments for killing or controlling garden weeds we recently wrote about how to kill and stop weeds growing back.

 

Annual Weeds

Annual Weeds Header

Annual weeds are the ones that last for one year or growing season only, but which produce lots of weed seeds for next year - and years afterwards.

Use our simple guide to help identify your weed and help you find the ideal product to tackle the job in hand. Our range has been specially formulated to provide effective ways to control garden weeds without the hard work!

1. Fat Hen (Chenopodium Album)

Fat Hen Weed

The Fat Hen weed is the fastest growing of all of the annual weeds. There are many different varieties. It is possible for a Chenopodium Album to produce 20,000 seeds in it's lifetime just from one single plant. In it's baby form the Fat Hen can be used in salads as it is very tasty, but must be monitored carefullly in order to prevent the growth across open ground.

How to identify? Young fat hen weeds have bright green leaves which tend to darken with age and look similar to the image above. The chenopodium album will grow between 2 and 4 feet tall with a vertical stem. This can be difficult to identify for beginners as it can appear in many intermediate forms but the colour and shape of the leaves is the main identifying trait. The lower leaves are usually shaped like a rhomboid whereas the upper leaves would usually appear as an branched stem.

2. Chickweed (Stellaria Media)

Chickweed

Chickweed is one of the most common in the UK. It varies greatly in size and weight and can be found in a multitude of locations including your garden. Like the Fat Hen the Chickweed's baby form is very tastey and makes a great addition to a salad, as well as being loaded with vitamins. You are advised to disperse of this weed as soon as possible as it attracts Spider Mite and Greenfly which will ruin any edibles you are growing.

How to identify? Chickweed is most easily identified by it's small white star shaped flowers and tiny white line of weaved hair that grows along the stem. You can expect the stellaria media to vary in size between 5cm and 50cm with oval shaped leaves that have pointed tips. The texture of the leaves can vary from smooth to slightly hairy.

3. Groundsel (Senecio Vulgaris)

Groundsel Weed

This weed is capable of being blown in by wind from surrounding areas such as fields or neighbouring gardens, so don't be surprised if it crops up at random. Like most common weeds Groundsel can produce a large amount of seeds, even to the extent that it can produce numerous generations of weed within one growing season.

How to identify? A groundsel weed is capable of growing up to 2 feet tall with a varity a leaf ranging from lightly hairy with cotton-like hairs to smooth. The stems branch out into little clusters which have small yellow flower heads. The leaves of the senico vulgaris are evenly spaced on the stem and have toothed edges.

Lawn Weeds

Lawn Weeds Header

The plants that can grow so vigorously, they simply ‘suffocate’ the grass

Use our simple guide to help identify your weed and help you find the ideal product to tackle the job in hand. Our range has been specially formulated to provide effective weed control without the hard work!

1. Plantain (Plantogo Major)

Plantain Weed

Plantain weeds are extremely extremely common garden weeds and are found almost everywhere in the UK . It regrows particularly fast in Spring when the lawn has been mowed. When the lawn has been mowed you will see an abundance of new shoots appear. Plantain weeds are edible in both adult and baby form but are tastiest in baby form like the majority of weeds. The Plantago Major is rich in vitamins and minerals, especially Iron.

How to identify? The greater plantain weed is very easy to identify as it is quite consistent in its appearance. It appears as a flat rosette of leaves that are a broad oval shape with distinctinve ribs.

2. Dandelion (Taraxacum Officinale)

Dandelion Weeds

A little known fact about the Dandelion is that is one of the healthiest vegetables around. This makes them a fantastic addition to a soup to increase the vitamin and healthiness of the meal in general. We have a range of winter recipes, why not add these to them to see how they taste! Taraxacum Officinale have an abundance of vitamin A, C and K stored in their leaves as well as a healthy dose of calcium, potassium and iron.

How to identify? Like the plantain the dandelion forms a large rosette, except it has a long stout tap root. The taraxacum is easily recognisable with a distinct yellow flower that posesses lance shaped leaves. You will also notice a white fluffy looking flower on a dandelion which contains the seedlings that are distribute by the wind as they are easily detatched.

3. Daisy (Bellis Perennis)

Lawn Daisy Weeds

This is likely the most common and recognisable lawn weed in the UK. I'm sure many of us have had a go at making our best attempt at a daisy chain at least once in our lives. Daisies have the ability to grow in a wide range of soil conditions and locations. Bellis Perennis weeds also have the ability to out compete other weeds causing them to die, spreading by forming mats of foilage.

How to identify? If by any chance you are not already familiar with a daisy, it is a small white flowered weed with a yellow centre. There is a small rosette at the base which the flower is sprouted from.

Perennial Weeds & Woody Weeds

Perennial Weeds

Perennial or woody weeds are the weeds that produce large, deep or creeping roots that keep coming back, year after year. They can grow again from even the smallest left-over segment, so digging them up often makes the problem worse.

Use our simple guide to help identify your weed and help you find the ideal product to tackle the job in hand. Our range has been specially formulated to provide effective ways to control weeds without the hard work!

1. Broad Leafed Dock (Rumex Obtusifolius)

Broad Leaf Dock Weed

The broad leafed dock is a highly variable species and can sometimes be difficult to identify as a result. The rumex obtusifolious is able to grow in a wide range of soils, although the seedlings are poor competitors and can only grow effectively in open or disturbed patches.

How to identify? Broad leafed dock weeds are fairly easy to identify as they have large oval shaped leaves. During blooming months between May and October the rumex obtusifolius can produce small green/ white flowers which will turn brown once they are pollinated. 

2. Couch Grass (Triticum Repens)

Couch Grass Weed

Couch grass weeds can grow up to 2 metres tall within one season. Triticum repens is one of the most common perennial weeds in the UK because it flourishes in any type of soil. 

How to identify? This perennial is very easy to identify as it is a one that is very consistent in nature. It appears as a tougher, thicker and longer version of grass and it grows as spikey shoots, in more varied directions than regular grass.

3. Ground Elder (Aegopodium Podagraria)

Ground Elder Weed

The ground elder weed is a rapid spreading plant that can be extremely difficult to prevent. During the Winter season the aegopodium podagraria will die down into the soil making it very hard to cultivate. This is made worse by the ground elder's ability to re-grow with only a tiny fragment of root remaining, so you have to be thorough when removing. 

How to identify? In the Summer you can easily identify this weed by the white flowers like the ones demonstrated in the image above. Earlier in the year it can be recognised by shoots of dark green leaves coming out of the soil, and as conditions improve they will become taller stalks that support the flower.

4. Hedge Bindweed (Calystegia Sepium)

Hedge Bindweed

Hedge bindweed has similar characteristics to a vine in the way that it twists and turns around other plants, fences and objects. It is often found in riverbanks woodlands and ditches and it is one of the more scenic weeds in these locations.

How to identify? The calystegia sepium can be identified by the white funnel / trumpet end shaped flowers growing from the stem. Bare in mind that the flowers are usually only bloomed between June and September.

5. Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia Japonica)

Japanese Knotweed

Japanese knotweed is a strong growing, rapid spreading weed that is very widespread in the UK. It has previously attracted a lot of media attention for 'taking over Britain' which is an indicator of just how common it is. Similar to the ground elder this weed will die back under ground in the Winter to make it extremely difficult to remove.

How to identify? Japanese Knotweed can be identied early by little red tinged shoots appearing. Once it starts to grow it will develop a hollow bamboo like stem up to over 2 metres tall, with large spade shaped leaves  up to 14cm in length and clusters of creamy white flowers.

6. Nettle (Urtica Dioica)

Nettle Weed

It may surprise you to learn that nettle weeds, more commonly know as 'stinging nettles' are very tasty when cooked. The immediate though is that they will sting you when you eat them, however the tiny needles that cause the sting fall off when steamed or boiled. Not only are they tastey but they are also abundant in a high quantity of vitamins that is rare in foods.If you are feeling exceptionally adventurous you can dry out the leaves which will also cause the needles to fall off, then use them in tea (you may have seen nettle tea in the shops and been a little curious). 

How to identify? Nettles are fairly obvious to identify with some very distinctive features. The nettle weed has green oval shaped leaves with teeth lining the edge. The urtica dioca has a square stem with tiny hairs, and can grow up to 2 metres tall. Failing that, if you are brave you can always identify it by touching the teeth!

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