UK vegetable planting calendar

UK vegetable planting calendar

With hundreds of different varieties and types to choose from growing your own vegetables can be hugely rewarding. But where do you start? The best place is at the kitchen table armed with a pencil, calendar and our guide on when to grow vegetables. You can then plan your growing space and your growing calendar to ensure a diverse and manageable harvest of veggies direct from your garden.

 

January

With plenty of crisp, frosty mornings to contend with only the hardiest of vegetables can be sown outside in January. This doesn't mean that you'll have nothing to do as there are plenty that can be sown indoors. You might even have some crops ready to harvest from the previous season's growth.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Aubergine

Broad Bean

Artichoke (Jerusalem)

Cabbage

Pea

Brussels Sprout

Cauliflower

 

Cabbage

Leek

 

Carrot

Lettuce

 

Cauliflower

Onion

 

Chicory

Tomato

 

Kale

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Parsnip

 

 

Swede

 
February

With high risks of frost in February, the depths of winter is a good time to seek solace in the sowing of seeds, knowing that spring is just around the corner.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Artichoke (Globe)

Broad Bean

Broccoli

Aubergine

Carrot

Brussels Sprout

Broad Bean

Parsnip

Cabbage

Broccoli

Pea

Carrot

Brussels Sprout

Radish

Cauliflower

Cabbage

 

Chicory

Cauliflower

 

Kale

Cucumber

 

Leek

Kohl Rabi

 

Lettuce

Leek

 

Parsnip

Lettuce

 

Swede

Onion

 

 

Pepper

 

 

Tomato

 

 

 
March

Lighter evenings and a smell of spring in the air, March is the time that your vegetable growing should step up a gear.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Globe Artichoke

Artichoke (Globe)

Broccoli

Asparagus

Broad Bean

Cabbage

Aubergine

Beetroot

Carrot

Broad Bean

Broccoli

Cauliflower

Broccoli

Brussels Sprout

Kale

Brussels Sprout

Cabbage

Leek

Cabbage

Carrot

Lettuce

Cauliflower

Kale

Spring Onion

Celeriac

Kohl Rabi

Swede

Celery

Leek

 

Courgette

Lettuce

 

Cucumber

Parsnip

 

Kale

Pea

 

Kohl Rabi

Radish

 

Leek

Rocket

 

Lettuce

Samphire

 

Marrow

Shallot

 

Onion

Spinach

 

Pepper

Spring Onion

 

Shallot

Turnip

 

Squash

 

 

Sweetcorn

 

 

Tomato

 

 

 
April

With the risk of frost now past it's time to take advantage of those April showers and get your vegetable patch working hard.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Asparagus

Artichoke (Globe)

Broccoli

Aubergine

Broad Bean

Carrot

Broad Bean

Beetroot

Cauliflower

Broccoli

Broccoli

Lettuce

Brussel Sprout

Brussel Sprout

Radish

Cabbage

Cabbage

Spring Onion

Cauliflower

Carrot

 

Celeriac

Cauliflower

 

Celery

Chard

 

Climbing Bean

Chicory

 

Courgette

Courgette

 

Cucumber

Kale

 

Dwarf Bean

Kohl Rabi

 

Kale

Leek

 

Kohl Rabi

Lettuce

 

Leek

Marrow

 

Marrow

Parsnip

 

Onion

Pea

 

Pepper

Radish

 

Pumpkin

Rocket

 

Runner Bean

Samphire

 

Shallot

Shallot

 

Squash

Spinach

 

Sweetcorn

Spring Onion

 

Tomato

Turnip

 

 
May

Spring is here and with it comes the opportunity for maximising your outdoor space. There are huge numbers of vegetables that can be sown now but keep track of where and when you plant your seeds.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Climbing Bean

Broad Bean

Asparagus

Dwarf Bean

Climbing Bean

Cabbage

Runner Bean

Dwarf Bean

Carrot

Broccoli

Runner Bean

Cauliflower

Cabbage

Beetroot

Garlic

Cauliflower

Broccoli

Lettuce

Celery

Cabbage

Pea

Courgette

Carrot

Radish

Cucumber

Cauliflower

Rocket

Kale

Chard

Samphire

Leek

Chicory

Spinach

Pumpkin

Courgette

Spring Onion

Squash

Cucumber

 

Sweetcorn

Kale

 

 

Kohl Rabi

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Marrow

 

 

Pak Choi

 

 

Parsnip

 

 

Pea

 

 

Pumpkin

 

 

Radish

 

 

Rocket

 

 

Samphire

 

 

Spinach

 

 

Spring Onion

 

 

Squash

 

 

Swede

 

 

Sweetcorn

 

 

Turnip

 

 
June

The Summer months arrive in June, long days and warm weather so this is one of the busiest times in the garden.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Pumpkin

Climbing Bean

Asparagus

 

Dwarf Bean

Beetroot

 

Runner Bean

Broccoli

 

Beetroot

Cabbage

 

Cabbage

Carrot

 

Chinese Cabbage

Cauliflower

 

Carrot

Garlic

 

Cauliflower

Lettuce

 

Chard

Pak Choi

 

Cucumber

Pea

 

Kohl Rabi

Potato

 

Lettuce

Radish

 

Pak Choi

Rocket

 

Pea

Samphire

 

Pumpkin

Spinach

 

Radish

Spring Onion

 

Rocket

Tomato

 

Spinach

Turnip

 

Spring Onion

 

 

Swede

 

 
July

July is the month where your hard work wins out and your vegetable harvest should be keeping your larder well stocked.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

 

Climbing Bean

Artichoke (Globe)

 

Dwarf Bean

Broad Bean

 

Runner Bean

Climbing Bean

 

Beetroot

Dwarf Bean

 

Cabbage

Runner Bean

 

Chinese Cabbage

Beetroot

 

Carrot

Broccoli

 

Chard

Cabbage

 

Kohl Rabi

Carrot

 

Lettuce

Cauliflower

 

Pak Choi

Chard

 

Radish

Courgette

 

Rocket

Cucumber

 

Spinach

Garlic

 

Spring Onion

Khol Rabi

 

Swede

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Marrow

 

 

Pak Choi

 

 

Pea

 

 

Pepper

 

 

Potato

 

 

Radish

 

 

Rocket

 

 

Samphire

 

 

Spinach

 

 

Spring Onion

 

 

Squash

 

 

Tomato

 

 

Turnip

 
August

The heat of August ripens your vegetable patch and harvesting is the key job in this month.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

 

Cabbage

Artichoke (Globe)

 

Chinese Cabbage

Aubergine

 

Kale

Broad Bean

 

Lettuce

Climbing Bean

 

Pak Choi

Dwarf Bean

 

Radish

Runner Bean

 

Rocket

Beetroot

 

Spinach

Broccoli

 

Spring Onion

Brussels Sprout

 

 

Cabbage

 

 

Carrot

 

 

Cauliflower

 

 

Celeriac

 

 

Celery

 

 

Chard

 

 

Courgette

 

 

Cucumber

 

 

Garlic

 

 

Kohl Rabi

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Marrow

 

 

Onion

 

 

Pak Choi

 

 

Pea

 

 

Pepper

 

 

Potato

 

 

Pumpkin

 

 

Radish

 

 

Rocket

 

 

Samphire

 

 

Shallot

 

 

Spinach

 

 

Spring Onion

 

 

Squash

 

 

Sweetcorn

 

 

Tomato

 

 

Turnip

 
September

September hails Autumn and brings further harvest and jobs round the garden are now about preparing for the Winter months.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Lettuce

Radish

Artichoke (Globe)

 

Spring Onion

Aubergine

 

 

Broad Bean

 

 

Climbing Bean

 

 

Dwarf Bean

 

 

Runner Bean

 

 

Beetroot

 

 

Broccoli

 

 

Brussels Sprout

 

 

Cabbage

 

 

Chinese Cabbage

 

 

Carrot

 

 

Cauliflower

 

 

Celeriac

 

 

Celery

 

 

Chard

 

 

Courgette

 

 

Cucumber

 

 

Garlic

 

 

Kale

 

 

Kohl Rabi

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Marrow

 

 

Onion

 

 

Pak Choi

 

 

Pea

 

 

Pepper

 

 

Potato

 

 

Pumpkin

 

 

Radish

 

 

Rocket

 

 

Samphire

 

 

Shallot

 

 

Spinach

 

 

Spring Onion

 

 

Squash

 

 

Sweetcorn

 

 

Tomato

 

 

Turnip

 
October

In October planting seeds for the following spring occurs, and the final harvest of the current year takes place.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Lettuce

Broad Bean

Artichoke (Globe)

 

Pea

Artichoke (Jerusalem)

 

 

Aubergine

 

 

Climbing Bean

 

 

Dwarf Bean

 

 

Runner Bean

 

 

Beetroot

 

 

Broccoli

 

 

Brussels Sprout

 

 

Cabbage

 

 

Chinese Cabbage

 

 

Carrot

 

 

Cauliflower

 

 

Celeriac

 

 

Celery

 

 

Chard

 

 

Chicory

 

 

Courgette

 

 

Cucumber

 

 

Kale

 

 

Kohl Rabi

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Marrow

 

 

Pak Choi

 

 

Parsnip

 

 

Pepper

 

 

Potato

 

 

Pumpkin

 

 

Radish

 

 

Rocket

 

 

Samphire

 

 

Shallot

 

 

Spinach

 

 

Spring Onion

 

 

Squash

 

 

Swede

 

 

Tomato

 

 

Turnip

 
November

Dark days and long nights sees the arrival of November and there is relatively little to grow in the garden.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Lettuce

Broad Bean

Artichoke (Jerusalem)

Onion

Pea

Broccoli

 

 

Brussels Sprout

 

 

Cabbage

 

 

Chinese Cabbage

 

 

Carrot

 

 

Cauliflower

 

 

Celeriac

 

 

Celery

 

 

Chard

 

 

Chicory

 

 

Kale

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Parsnip

 

 

Potato

 

 

Pumpkin

 

 

Samphire

 

 

Swede

December

December brings harsh weather but you can start preparing for the Spring by sowing some crops indoors.

Indoor Sowing
Outdoor Sowing
Harvesting

Lettuce

Broad Bean

Artichoke (Jerusalem)

Onion

 

Brussels Sprout

 

 

Cabbage

 

 

Carrot

 

 

Cauliflower

 

 

Celeriac

 

 

Chicory

 

 

Kale

 

 

Leek

 

 

Lettuce

 

 

Parsnip

 

 

Potato

 

 

Swede

 
Planting by the moon

In ancient times man planted his crops by observing the cycles of the moon. There is still an argument that this is the most reliable way of farming today as it observes changes in the earth's magnetic field which brings changes in weather. There are three different methods that are recognised for planting by the moon and include: Synodic, Biodynamic and Sidereal cycles.

 

Synodic cycle

The Synodic Cycle is the simplest form of moon planting as it divides the Luna cycle into four phases. It then groups plants into different categories and assigns them to the most suited cycle.

Biodynamic cycle

The Biodynamic Cycle is slightly more detailed and is based around the 12 Zodiac signs and the position of them in relation to the moon. This was developed by Rudolf Steiner whose teachings are being taught today at Steiner Schools.

Sidereal cycle

Finally the Sidereal Cycle is based on the orbit of the moon around the earth which is divided into 12 sections and dependent on the position of the moon dictates which crops should be grown to the highest chance of success.