When To Plant Vegetables – A Planting Guide | Love The Garden

When To Plant Vegetables: A Guide To Sowing & Harvesting Vegetables

Fruit & veg

Self sufficiency in the garden

Geoff Hodge's picture
By Geoff Hodge, Botanical Expert (BSc, MCIHort)
The Seasonal Vegetable Planner

Want to grow your own vegetables, but don't know when to start sowing and harvesting your crops? Then here's our handy Guide to Sowing & Harvesting Vegetables.

When To Plant Vegetables

It's important to sow your vegetable crops at the right time of year – whether it's directly outside in the ground or indoors with heat – and to harvest them at the right time, when they're at the peak of their tenderness and taste.

The majority of vegetables will be sown in Spring (March to May) however some, such as Broad Beans, may require to be sown a little earlier depending on the weather/temperature conditions. Harvesting usually starts in mid-Summer however some vegetables will require harvesting a little earlier - such as Beans, Carrots, Radishes and Potatoes - and some a little later – such as Beetroot, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Leek and Parsnips. The later harvesting vegetables may continue into the next year – January/February – depending on growing conditions.



Note that certain vegetables will require sowing inside to start propagation taking hold before moving outside. Vegetables such as Tomatoes, Sweetcorn, Cabbage and Marrows will require this step. 

Read our detailed planner below for a breakdown of which vegetables require sowing, moving and harvesting and at which points of the year (click on a crop for detailed growing information).

SO

Sow outside

(direct into prepared garden soil)
SI

Sow inside

(on a window sill, unheated greenhouse, coldframe)
M

Move outside

(when conditions are favourable)
H

Harvest

(when ready)
Vegetable Crop Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb
Beans – broad   SO SO     H H H            
BeansFrench       SI SO

SI

M
SO SO

H
H H H        
BeansRunner       SI SO

SI

M
SO SO

H
H H H        
Beetroot       SO SO SO SO

H
H H H        
Sprouting broccoli         SO SO             H H
Brussels sprouts     SO SO           H H H H H
Cabbage

(Summer/Autumn)
SI SI SO

SI

M
SO

M
    H H H H H      
Cabbage

(Winter)
        SO SO       H H H H H
Carrots     SO SO SO SO

H
SO

H
H H H H      
Leek     SO SO M M     H H H H H H
Lettuce     SO SO SO SO SO

H
SO

H
H H        
Marrow, Corguette, Squash     SI SI SO

M
  H H H H        
Onions, Garlic     S0 SO       H H H        
Parsnips     SO SO           H H H H H
Peas       SO SO SO

H
SO

H
H H H        
Potatoes     SO SO   H H H H          
Radish     SO SO SO

H
SO

H
SO

H
SO

H
SO

H
H        
Shallot     SO SO     H H            
Spinach     SO SO SO SO

H
H H H H        
Sweetcorn       SI SO

SI

M
SO   H H          
Tomato

(Outdoors)
      SI SI

M
M   H H H        

 

PDF iconView & download the full-colour vegetable planner (218KB pdf)

* This vegetable planner has been created as a guide and does not take into account regional, or seasonal, weather variations. Ensure that the risk of frost and cold weather has passed before planting/sowing any frost-sensitive crops.

X

Subscribe to our newsletter

Subscribe to free garden tips and advice now. (No spam, we promise).